The Interplay Between Research Data Management and Scientific Integrity¶
Research Data Management is a continuously developing field which developed out of a need to solve problems associated with Scientific Integrity but also a desire to improve the efficiency of research.
Research data management is a field which emerged as a consequence of a confluence of factors plaguing science which came to light around the same time - between 2011 and 2017. The thing which set off this chain of events was the fraud cases which came to light: the most well-known of these cases was that of Diederik Stapel, though many other Incidents of Scientific Misconduct came to light around this time. In addition to cases of outright fraud, questionable research practices in the Cognitive and Social Sciences started to be discussed more publicly around this time: most notably SHARKing (Secretly Hypothesizing After Results are Known) and P-hacking. Compounded with the Replication Crisis in the Cognitive and Social Sciences, Funding Agencies and Scientific Journals began demanding that researchers adhere to ethical standards for conducting research. In other words, many of the precipitating factors which preceded the emergence of research data management, as a field, were the failure to live up to core scientific values.
Beyond the ethical and epistimelogical concerns which research data management was created to forestall, there are also other pragmatic factors which played into the emergence of the field of research data management. Publicly available data during this time was sparse: the data which was available was limited by the research data storage systems. Worse yet, the lack of standardization of data made a substantial proportion of the limited amount of data publicly available difficult to reuse. Additionally, technological advances in imaging quality and the accompanying exponential increase in file sizes meant that inefficient data storage practices hampered research.
How Can Proper Data Management Work For You?¶
- Mitigate the Risk of Losing Data - Proper data management practices involve backing data up so that if local copies are lost, the data can still be retrieved
- Available Storage Space - Proper data management practices ensure that there is the necessary space on local memory
- Protect Privacy - Proper data management practices protect the privacy and anonymity of research participants
- Reusability - Proper data management practices enable data to be reused by future researchers
- Efficiency - Proper data managmenent practices free researchers up to do research better, faster, and smarter!